SAQQARA

The Step pyramid of the fourth dynasty Pharaoh Djoser, was the first stone pyramid constructed and thus today is the oldest man made stone structure in existence. Designed by Imhotep, the design of that was of six mastabas one on top of the other.

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SAQQARA (MAP)

As we approach we pass by the valley temple of the fifth dynasty Pharaoh Unas Looking up from the temple toward the step pyramid of Djoser The entrance to funerary complex of Djozer. Walls like this, once surrounded the complex, with this the only non-false entrance
Inside we see 40 small rooms (more like alcoves) one for each province housing its god each room is divided by a walled column. These were the first stone columns and took their inspiration from bunches of papyrus reeds As you exit you pass four tall free standing walled columns before you enter the courtyard (#)
(#) Looking back at the entrance from the courtyard (#) The entrance from the south eastern corner where we can look towards Dahshur (#)
Looking back at the courtyard of Heb Sed (jubilee festival) whereby the Pharaoh completed symbolic challenges in order to be re-crowned Steps to the South east corner of the courtyard lead to a plateau where we saw many more excavations in progress To the South we can see Dahshur with its Bent pyramid (pictured) and Red pyramid (almost too faint to see) of Snefru
Pyramid of Unas. This was the first pyramid to be covered in hieroglyphic funerary text Some 20 of the 97 pyramids in Egypt exist in Saqqara. These at Abusir (Neferirkare, Niuserre and Sahure) are seen to the north west in the foreground the pyramid of Userkaf with Teti's pyramid in the background
Djoser's step pyramid and again House of the South with the House of the North just visible behind it and Userkaf's pyramid beyond
(#) (#) (# - Pictures supplied by Don Anderson)

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